Aberystwyth and the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation

At the end of November the Welsh Government published the latest Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation. This ranks each area in Wales, 1 being the most deprived and 1909 being the least. Mererid Jones, one of five Aberystwyth Town Councillors for Penparcau, has sent me this analysis for Aberystwyth:
The areas listed are as follows: -
Bronglais = as per the Council ward
Canol/Central = as per the Council ward
Rheidol 1 = the town side of Rheidol ward
Rheidol 2 = Trefechan and Greenfield Street area
Penparcau 2 = Heol Tynyfron to Southgate + Cae Job & Heol Dinas + Brynystwyth & Ty cam
Penparcau 1 = Maesheli + The Avenues + Maesmaelor
Penglais = North Ward plus the part of Faenor ward which includes Pentre Jane Morgan.

Income accounts for 23.5% of each overall score and focusses on the proportion of the population receiving benefits. Penparcau and Rheidol 2 have seen an increase in eligibility for tax credits.

Employment also accounts for 23.5% of the overall score and is mainly based on the percentage of the working age population in receipt of Employment-related benefit.  

Health accounts for 14% of the overall score and looks at indicators like low-weight births, long term illness and cause of death.  

Education accounts for 14% of the overall score and looks at Key Stage 4 results, absenteeism, no qualifications and not entering Higher Education.   

Physical Environment accounts for 5% and includes proximity to waste tips, flood risk and air quality. 

Housing accounts for 5%, and has improved in all wards with the exception of Rheidol but, given the low multiple, has not had a major impact on the score.

All areas in Aberystwyth have worsened in terms of Access to Services.  This is defined as the travel-time to main services such as food, GP, schools, petrol stations etc. There has been a change in the way these scores are calculated since 2011 and private transport has now been included. This has impacted enormously on the result due to a high level of homes in Aberystwyth not having a car.


  1. Why ? What next?

    I am too far from this to have anything other than conjecture on the underlying economic drivers. The answers to the 2 questions above are the really interesting ones ......... and then how what next ties into policy.

    I searched the document references the words broadband or internet did not occur once outside a description of where to find the document itself. Neither did the phrase "broken record".

    1. Just read this Clive. I think that it's odd that there isn't vision and investment in the Aberystwyth area as some sort of Heritage Zone, particularly with all of the expertise in the area, but I suppose funding is controlled by Cardiff. I also think it would also be great to have somewhere as an exemplar of the way that green zero carbon building developments can have a positive impact upon the location and environment. I think this is especially pertinent in areas like Ceredigion. You might be interested in this, I went to the last one and it was really interesting.

  2. Me too Clive, but looking at this I'm surprised about the gap between the Penparcau Wards? and other places. How can you have somewhere in the bottom 25% deprived, and other places are in the top 25% (some look like the least deprived in Wales) Rheidol 2 is average.

    Like Clive said what next, will there be a big push by the local authorities community council and county to support the poorest.

    How is that going to happen with the cuts? What are the county councillors in those areas going to do in terms of Poverty alleviation, and are there groups that exist in those areas that can tap into real funding? Those areas look like there are a lot of people there for Ceredigion. Does the County and Community councils spend much in those areas?